Spanish Possessive adjectives (LOS ADJETIVOS POSESIVOS), like those of English, are a way of indicating who owns or is in possession of something. Their use is straightforward, although they (like other adjectives) must match the nouns they modify in both number and gender.
- mi, mis (my): Voy a visitar a mi familia (I am going to visit my family). Voy a visitar a mis amigos (I am going to visit my friends).
- tu, tus (you – singular familiar): Quiero conocer a tu familia (I want to meet your family). Quiero conocer a tus amigos (I want to meet your friends).
- su, sus (your – singular or plural formal -, its, his, her, their): Voy a su oficina (I am going to his/her/your/their office)
- nuestro, nuestra, nuestros, nuestras (our): Es nuestra casa (It is our house). Son nuestros hijos (they are our children).
- vuestro, vuestra, vuestros, vuestras (your – plural familiar): ¿Dónde están vuestros hijos? (Where are your children?). Este no es vuestro coche (this is not your car).
1. Note that the Spanish possessive adjectives vary by number and gender. The change is with the nouns they modify, not with the person(s) who own or possess the object. Thus you would say “his book” and “her book” in the same way: su libro. Some examples:
- Es nuestro coche (It is our car.)
- Es nuestra casa (It is our house.)
- Son nuestros coches (They are our cars.)
- Son nuestras casas (They are our houses.)
2. As you might imagine, su and sus can be ambiguous, since they can mean “his,” “her,” “its,” “your” or “their.” If the use of su or sus doesn’t make the sentence clear, you can use de followed by a prepositional pronoun instead:
- Quiero comprar su coche (I want to buy his/her/your/their car.)
- Quiero comprar el coche de él. (I want to buy his)
- Quiero comprar el coche de ella. (I want to buy her)
- Quiero comprar el coche de usted. (I want to buy your)
- Quiero comprar el coche de ellos. (I want to buy their)
Now you can practice everything you have learned with our quizzes. You can also see how possessives work in context listening to the podcast “Esta es mi familia“ or learn about possessive pronouns. Remember you can contact your tutor for any question you have. Don’t you have a Spanish personal tutor yet?