In Spanish there are two ways to say to be: SER and ESTAR, they are used very differently. In this lesson, we are going to learn more about when to use ESTAR (review how SER is used).
……ESTAR is used
1. Before adjectives to describe a temporary state or condition, such as help and emotions.
Tu cuarto está sucio (your bedroom is dirty).
Estoy enfermo (I am sick).
Estamos muy cansados (We are very tired).
Los tomates están verdes (The tomatoes are unripe).
2. To talk about location.
La Puerta del Sol está en Madrid (La Puerta del Sol is in Madrid).
Estamos en el zoo (we are at the zoo).
Los niños están en el colegio (The children are in the school).
3. To talk about marital status.
Estamos casados (We are married).
Enrique está soltero (Enrique is single).
Estoy divorciada (I am divorced).
4. Before a gerund to form the continuous tenses:
Carlos está todavía trabajando (Carlos is still working).
Están escuchando las noticias (they are listening to the news).
Estoy corriendo una maratón (I’m running a marathon).
5. In many expressions:
Estar de pie (to be standing).
Estar de vacaciones (to be on holiday).
Estar de viaje (to be on a trip).
Estar de acuerdo (to agree).
Estar de buen/mal humor (to be in a good/bad mood).
Estar a sus anchas (to be comfortable).
6. Some adjectives change their meaning when used with either “ser” or “estar” (learn more).
7. Finally, check the whole conjugation of ESTAR.
Along with SER and ESTAR there is another very irregular verb quite important TENER (to have). Remember you can contact your tutor for any question you have. Don’t you have a Spanish personal tutor yet?