Spanish Grammar: Hablar en presente -present tenses- (A1)


What are the present tenses?

The present tenses are the verb forms that are used to talk about what is true at the moment, what happens regularly and what is happening now; for example, I am a teacher, I work in a school, I am walking in the park.

In English, there are two tenses you can use to talk about the present:

  • The present simple tense:

I work here (trabajo aquí).

I usually eat a lot of vegetables (Normalmente como muchas verduras).

  • The present continuous tense:

I am working very hard this afternoon (Estoy trabajando mucho esta tarde).

               I am eating a salad (Estoy comiendo una ensalada).

In Spanish is pretty much the same.

1. EL PRESENTE CONTINUO o ESTAR + GERUNDIO, when we want to emphasize that something is taking place at the moment we are talking:

Estoy leyendo un libro muy interesante (I am reading a very interesting book).

Learn more about how to use the present continuous in Spanish.

2. EL PRESENTE DE INDICATIVO  in Spanish is used to talk about (learn more about to form the present tense):

  • Things that are universally true:

En invierno hace frío (it’s cold in winter)

  • Things that are true at the moment:

Carmen está enfadada (Carmen is angry).

  • Things that are presented as a routine:

Normalmente leo el periódico en el metro (I usually read the newspaper on the tube).

Now you can practice everything you have learned with the quizzes below and remember you can contact your tutor with any question you have. Don’t you have a Spanish personal tutor yet?

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