Irregular verbs are those that don’t follow exactly the patterns shown in the regular verbs, and precisely there are many Spanish irregular verbs in the present tense – EL PRESENTE DE INDICATIVO – actually, it is tense with more irregulars and it will be the foundation to understand irregularities in other tenses.
Of the irregular Spanish verbs in the present tense, there are different degrees of irregularity, but most still follow a recognizable pattern. Let`s see these pattern:
1. Irregular in the “Yo” form
The following words are irregular only in the yo form. They are regular in all other conjugations and the only thing you can do if to learn them by heart.
Irregular Yo Conjugations
|conocer (*)||conozco||(to know/meet)|
|salir||salgo||(to go out)|
|traducir (*)||traduzco||(to translate)|
(*) There are also irregular, in the same way, all the verbs ending in -OCER, –UCIR and -ECER.
The compounds of these verbs are also irregular in the yo form: componer, deshacer, disponer, distraer, proponer, rehacer, reponer, suponer.
2. Irregular in all forms
There are only a few irregular present tense verbs in all forms, but they are, maybe, the most useful and used verbs in Spanish. We will give them a very special attention:
- SER: soy, eres, es, somos, sois, son. SER conjugation.
- ESTAR: estoy, estás está, estamos, estáis, están. ESTAR conjugation.
- IR: voy, vas, va, vamos, vais, van. IR conjugation.
- HABER: he, has, ha, hemos, habéis, han. HABER conjugation.
- TENER: tengo, tienes, tiene, tenemos, tenéis, tienen. TENER conjugation.
- DECIR: digo, dices, dice, decimos, decís dicen. DECIR conjugation.
- VENIR: vengo, vienes, viene, venimos, venís, vienen. VENIR conjugation.
- OÍR:oigo, oyes, oye, oímos, oís, oyen. OÍR conjugation.
3. Another important group of Spanish present tense irregular verbs is the one called radical-changing verbs or stem-changing verbs. There are many and very important, so will see them in a separated lesson. Click on the link to learn more about stem-changing verbs.
I hope you can understand better now, how the irregular verbs work in the Spanish present tense. Before start practicing with the quizzes below, remember you can contact your tutor with any question you have about this topic. Don’t you have a Spanish personal tutor yet?