Forming the plural in Spanish is not difficult, you only need to follow a couple of very simple rules:
|In English you usually make nouns plural by adding an -s to the end (garden=gardens, house = houses…), although you have some nouns which are irregular and do not follow this pattern (mouse= mice, child = children…).
Now let’s see how to do it in Spanish.
1. To form the plural in Spanish, add “-s” to most of the nouns ending in a vowel (a, e, i, o, u):
|El libro (the book)||Los libros (the books)|
|El hombre (the man)||Los hombres (the men)|
|La botella (the bottle)||Las botellas (the bottles)|
Although there are some nouns ending in an accented vowel that add “-es” (but not all of them el café= los cafés):
|El jabalí (the boar)||Los jabalíes (the boars)|
|El hindú (Hindu)||Los hindúes (Hindus)|
2. Add “-es” to singular nouns ending in a consonant (any letter other than a vowel):
|El árbol (the tree)||Los árboles (the trees)|
|La mujer (the woman)||Las mujeres (the women)|
|La ciudad (the city)||Las ciudades (the cities)|
3. Some foreign words (that is, words which have come from another language, such as English) ending in a consonant just add “-s”:
|El jersey (the jersey)||Los jerseys (the jerseys)|
4. Words ending in “-s” which have an unstressed final vowel do not change in the plural.
|El paraguas (the umbrella)||Los paraguas (the umbrellas)|
|El lunes (on Monday)||Los lunes (on Mondays)|
5. Singular nouns ending in “-z” change to “–ces” in the plural
|La luz (the light)||Las luces (the lights)|
|El pez (the fish)||Los peces (the fishes)|
6. Singular nouns which end in an accented vowel and either “-n” or “-s” drop the accent in the plural:
|La canción (the song)||Las canciones (the songs)|
|El autobús (The bus)||Los autobuses (the buses).|
Now you can practice everything you have learned with our quizzes. Remember to contact your tutor if you have any question about forming the plural in Spanish. Don’t you have a Spanish personal tutor yet?