Resources for elementary students

Diphthongs -diptongos en español- (A2)

DiphthongsDiphthongs (diptongos en español) are a combination of one strong (a, e, o) and one weak vowel (i, u), or of two weak vowels. Diphthongs are counted as one syllable. It may not be separated unless the weak vowel bears a written accent called “tilde”:

   ai, ay aire, hay pronounce like “eye”
    ei, ey reino, ley pronounce like “may”
   oi, oy oigo, hoy pronounce like “toy”
   iu triunfo, ciudad pronounce like “you”
   ui, uy cuidar, muy pronounce like “Louie”
   ue hueso, muerte pronounce like “west”
   au jaula, Paula pronounce like “now”
   eu feudal, reuma pronounce like “eh + oo”
   ia estudiamos pronounce like “yacht”
   ie miel, quiero pronounce like “ye”
   ua cuatro, mensual pronounce like “watt”
   uo cuota, antiguo pronounce like “quota”

The combination of a stressed strong vowel between two weak vowels that forms a single syllable is a triphthong. In Spanish, only four exist.

   iai estudiáis pronounce like “yipe”
   iei estudiéis pronounce like “yea”
   uai (uay) continuáis, Paraguay pronounce like “wine”
   uei (uey) continuéis, buey pronounce like “wade”


If the weak vowel is stressed, there is a separation called hiato, these are not diphthongs: ca-í-da, dí-a, rí-en, Ma-rí-a, tí-os, re-í-mos, re-ú-ne…

It also an hiato when the combination of two strong vowels is separated: ca-e-mos,re-a-li-dad, le-en, em-ple-o, a-e-ro-pla-no..

Diphthongs and hiatosLearning about diphthongs and hiatos will help you to pronounce better.

Remember you can contact your tutor with any question you have about diphthongs. Don’t you have a Spanish personal tutor yet? Just click on the link to practice the diphthongs with our quizzes.


Stationary in Spanish -material de escritorio- (A2)

stationary in SpanishEs hora de volver al trabajo y a la escuela, así que es un buen momento para aprender vocabulario relacionado material de escritorio en español. Primero descarga la lamina de vocabulario en pdf y luego practica con los ejercicios de abajo.

It’s time to go back to work and school, so it’s a good time to learn vocabulary related to stationary in Spanish. First, download the pdf sheet and, after that, practice with the quizzes below.

Remember to contact you tutor with any question you have. Don’t you have a Spanish personal tutor yet?

Continue reading Stationary in Spanish -material de escritorio- (A2)

La playa (on the beach): Spanish vocabulary A2

It is time to go on holidays, so let’s learn vocabulary related to “la playa” (beach). First download the pdf sheet, after that click on the link to practice with our quizzes.

You can also watch the video with subtitlesvacaciones en España (holidays in Spain)“, and remember to contact your tutor with any question you have or to ask for more homeworkDon’t you have a Spanish personal tutor yet?

Continue reading La playa (on the beach): Spanish vocabulary A2

Saber vs Conocer

Saber vs Conocer: differences and conjugation

saber vs conocer, differences

Very often, students of Spanish as a foreign language have difficulties with these to verbs. Both saber and conocer can be translated as to know, but there are not interchangeable most of the times. Let´s see how they work and their differences.

1. Saber expresses knowing how to do something or knowing a fact. Check saber conjugation.

Sabe de fútbol más que nadie. (He knows football better than anyone.)

2. Conocer expresses knowing in the sense of being acquainted with a person, place, thing, or idea. Check conocer conjugation.

¿Conoces a Julia? (Do you know Julie?)

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TRANSITIVE VERBS: Spanish grammar (A2)

1. Transitive verbs

Transitive verbsVerbs can be classified depending on whether or not they imply that the action directly influences an object or person (the direct object). If they do, they are called transitive verbs (verbos transitivos in Spanish).

So, transitive verbs need to be used with a direct object to complete it though. A direct object is essentially the person or thing the subject performs an action upon. We can identify the Direct Object of a sentence by asking the verb what? or whom?

Mi esposa me regaló un reloj por mi cumpleaños (My wife gave me a watch for my birthday).

¿Tienes alguna pregunta? (Do you have a question?). Continue reading TRANSITIVE VERBS: Spanish grammar (A2)

POR y PARA, minitest (A2)

Por y para, ¿por qué tiene que ser tan complicado? This is what usually my students tell me all the time. Because, no doubt, that the difference between por and para, is probably Por y para mintest. How much do you know about these Spanish prepositions?one of the topics that more work required to master when learning Spanish. My advice is always to be patient, learn any case individually and practice as much as possible. What about you, do you find these two Spanish prepositions difficult to use?

Today, we propose to you to do a test to see if you have a good knowledge of preposition POR y PARA. You will also find some links below to learn more about this prepositions. But, first, do the quiz below; it will help you decide.

Continue reading POR y PARA, minitest (A2)


Rain cats and dogs in Spanish is CAER CHUZOS DE PUNTA (to fall sharp spears). Look to these Spanish English phrases to understand better how this Spanish idiom works.

rain cats and dog in Spanish CAER CHUZOS DE PUNTA.¡No pudes marcharte ahora! Están cayendo chuzos de punta y no tienes paraguas (You can’t leave just now! It is raining cats and dogs and you don’t have an umbrella).

 En los meses de julio y agosto caen chuzos de punta en India, porque es cuando viene el Monzón (In July and August months it rains cats and dog because is when the Monsoon comes).

Cuando regresabamos de la fiesta, caían chuzos de punta (When we were returning after the party, it was raining cats and dogs).


Direct object pronouns in Spanish: Basic grammar (A2)

Direct object pronouns (PRONOMBRES DE COMPLEMENTO DIRECTO) only can replace a direct object. First of all, we must know that direct objects receive the action of the verb in a sentence and they can be a thing, an animal or a person, look at the example.

Direct Object Pronouns in SpanishMessi golpeó el balón (Messi hit the ball)

Messi golpeó a Ronaldo ( Messi hit Ronaldo)

On the left, you have the list of the  Spanish direct object pronouns, and continue reading to see how they work.

Continue reading Direct object pronouns in Spanish: Basic grammar (A2)