Beginner resources

Podcast_038: ¿Cómo es tu barrio? (A1)

Mi barrio

Rosa es una mujer española que está visitando a su amiga Gabriela en Argentina. Gabriela pregunta a Rosa por el barrio donde vive en España. Escucha la conversación y responder a las preguntas de abajo.

También puedes repasar el vocabulario relacionado con la ciudad y los usos de “hay” (there is/there are). Finalmente comprueba tus respuestas y la transcripción.

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Spanish Present Perfect – GRAMMAR (A1)

Spanish present perfect

The  PRESENT PERFECT TENSE  or PRETÉRITO PERFECTO in Spanish describes what a person has done in an indeterminate point the past, it used very much to talk about experiences when it is not important when the event(s) took place, or to talk about an action that happened in the recent past.

Hemos ido a Bolivia dos veces (We have gone to Bolivia twice-it is not important when.)

He visto a Mercedes en el pasillo (I have seen Mercedes on the corridor- I understand that recently.)

 Forming the present perfect indicative

1. Because the present perfect tense is a compound tense, you will be working with two verbs, not one. To form verbs in this tense, first conjugate haber (to have) in the present (not tener, even though it means to have too):

HABER – to have (auxiliary)
(yo) he (nosotros, -as) hemos
(tu) has (vosotros, -as) habéis
(usted) ha (ustedes) han
(el, ella) ha (ellos, -as) han

2. The conjugated form of haber is followed by the past participle of the desired verb. Most past participle in Spanish are regulars. The pattern for regular past participles are below:

  • -ar verbs, drop the ar ending and replace it with –ado: hablar = hablado.
  • -er verbs, drop the –er ending and replace it with –ido: comer = comido.
  • -ir verbs, drop the –ir ending and replace it with ido: recibir = recibido.

Ya has hablado con Enrique (you have already spoken to Enrique.)

Nunca he comido ceviche (I have never eaten ceviche.)

Todavia no hemos recibido los regalos (We haven’t received the present yet.)

There are several common verbs that have irregular past participles: ver =visto, ir= ido, hacer = hecho, escribir = escrito, decir = dicho, volver = vuelto, abrir= abierto, poner = puesto, morir= muerto, imprimir=  impreso... (learn more about past participles).

3. The auxiliary verb (haber) and the past participle are never separated in Spanish, unlike English. If object pronouns are present, they go immediately before haber.

¿Los has visto? (Have you seen them?)

Se las he dado. (I have given them to her.)

4. It is mainly used with expressions such as nunca (never), ya (already), todavía no (not yet), a veces (sometimes), ¿alguna vez (ever)?

This form is very widely used in Spain, while in Latin and South America, the preterite is used more often. In the following examples, you can see some differences between both ways to use this tense:

Este mes he viajado a Perú. (This month I have traveled to Peru-Spain.)

Este mes viajé a Perú. (This month I traveled to Peru-America.)

Hoy he llegado tarde a trabajar. (Today I have arrived late to work– Spain.)

Hoy llegué tarde a trabajar. (Today I arrived late to work-America.)

5. The present perfect tense is NOT used:

  • to indicate an action still in progress. The present tense is used to do this:

Hace tres años que vivo aquí. (I have lived here for three years.)

  • to express the idea to have just done something. It is more common to use the periphrasis acabar + de to convey this idea.

Acabo de leer este libro. (I have just finished reading this book.)

6. Finally, notice that the verb is usually called present perfect indicative because there is also a present perfect subjunctive, but don’t panic this second present perfect is much easier to learn.

Spanish present perfect tense activities and quizzes

Now, you can practice with our quizzes everything that you have learned and don’t forget to check the past participles entry.

You can also learn how the present perfect works in context by watching the video “¿Alguna vez has viajado en barco?”  or listening to the podcast_042: Un día en la selva (A1).  Remember to contact your tutor with any question you have or to ask for more homework. Don’t you have a Spanish personal tutor yet?

Infinitive in Spanish, basic Spanish grammar (A1)

The infinitive allows you to speak of an action in the abstract, as a noun. In English, infinitives are verbs preceded by “to”: to be, to go, to stay, and so on. Spanish infinitives do not have any function words equivalent to the English “to” that precede them, but you can recognize them by one of three possible endings: –ar, –er, and –ir. These three groupings aren’t arbitrary—they signal how the verb should be conjugated. For every tense, you’ll learn three sets of regular endings, one for each of these groups.

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Present tense irregular quizzes (Spanish verbs)Ready to master the irregular verbs in the present tense? Below you have 14 quizzes to practice the conjugation of the Spanish irregular verbs in the present tense, from?crosswords to word search or fill the gaps. Click here to learn more.

Estás preparado para dominar los verbos irregulares en el presente de indicativo? Abajo tienes 14 actividades para practicar la conjugación de los verbos irregulares españoles en el presente de indicativo, de crucigramas a sopas de letras o rellena huecos.  Cliquea en el vínculo para saber más.


Spanish numbers podcast (A1)
¿Qué números se mencionan en el podcast?

In this podcast, you are going to listen to some people speaking, pay attention and answer the questions below about the numbers they mention. When you finish, check your answers and the transcription of the Spanish numbers podcast.

En este podcast vas a escuchar a algunas personas hablando, presta atención y responde a las preguntas de abajo sobre los números que se mencionan. Cuando termines, comprueba tus respuestas y la transcripción de este podcast sobre los números en español.

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Podcast_018: El Cuerpo humano (A1)

podcast : el cuerpo humanoListen to this audio in which a person talks about the different parts of the human body and relates them to some actions. Listen to the podcast several times, answer the questions below and, finally, check your answers and the transcript.

Click on the link if you want to review the vocabulary related to the human body and practice with some quizzes. You can learn more by listening to the song “Mis ojos” by the Mexican group Maná, it is at the bottom. Remember to ask your tutor any question you have  Don’t you have a Spanish personal tutor yet?


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Rain cats and dogs in Spanish is CAER CHUZOS DE PUNTA (to fall sharp spears). Look to these Spanish English phrases to understand better how this Spanish idiom works.

rain cats and dog in Spanish CAER CHUZOS DE PUNTA.¡No pudes marcharte ahora! Están cayendo chuzos de punta y no tienes paraguas (You can’t leave just now! It is raining cats and dogs and you don’t have an umbrella).

 En los meses de julio y agosto caen chuzos de punta en India, porque es cuando viene el Monzón (In July and August months it rains cats and dog because is when the Monsoon comes).

Cuando regresabamos de la fiesta, caían chuzos de punta (When we were returning after the party, it was raining cats and dogs).