|In English you usually make nouns plural by adding an -s to the end (garden=gardens, house = houses…), although you have some nouns which are irregular and do not follow this pattern (mouse= mice, child = children…).
Now let’s see how to do it in Spanish.
Spanish grammar explanation.
Some adjectives change their meaning when used with either “ser” or “estar“.
Está aburrido porque ella es aburrida. (He is bored because she is boring.)
Some of these changes can be very dramatic and can create some misunderstandings, so be careful with them. Here you have some of them:
Sometimes it’s important to know how often actions take place. In these situations, we use adverbs of frequency or, in Spanish, los adverbios de frecuencia.
|In a dictionary, Spanish adjectives are listed in the masculine and singular form. Their endings change, depending on whether the noun being described is masculine or feminine, singular or plural.|
April calendar will help you to understand how passive sentences work in Spanish. In Spanish impersonal sentences can be done in two main ways with a passive sentence “el libro fue publicado el años pasado” or by using the impersonal pronoun SE “el libro se publicó el año pasado“. Click on the links to learn more about these topics and practice with our quizzes.
Click also on the image, on the left, to download the pdf sheet with the whole April calendar.
Remember, you can contact your tutor with any question you have. Don’t you have a Spanish personal tutor yet?
Me encantaría (ir al cine) means I would love to (go to the movies). Literally, “It would enchant me (to go to the movies)” or “Going to the movies would enchant me”. The subject of this sentence is ir al cine, and when an infinitive such as ir is used as a subject, it is considered singular; therefore, the main verb, encantaría, has a singular conjugation. Note the difference between Me encanta and me encantaría.
Me encanta ver películas (I love watching movies/I love to watch movies).
Me encantaría ver una película (I would love to watch a movie).
TAMBIÉN and TAMPOCO are a pair of words that can be confusing for students of Spanish as a foreign language. Both are used to show agreement with what someone says or to show that you do the same or feel the same ways, but there are important differences.
1. También is used to show agreement with a positive statement. It can have the meaning of TOO or ALSO in English depending on where the word is positioned.
Tomás: Yo juego al fútbol todos los domingos (I play footbal every Sunday).
Miguel: Yo también (Me too -Miguel is confirming that he does the same thing).
Modal verbs, or PERÍFRASIS VERBALES in Spanish, are used to express opinion and intention –should, can, must. The main modal verbs in Spanish are deber (to have to/must/ought), poder (to be able to), querer (to want to) and saber (to know how to).
Notice that poder, querer y saber are irregular (click on the link to see the conjugation), and in certain tenses, these verbs can have a particular meaning, so always look at the meaning of the verb from their context: Continue reading Spanish grammar: Modal verbs (A1)
Clara tiene ganas de comer tarta (Clara feels like eating cake).
Tengo ganas de ir de compras (I feel like going shopping).
Mis hijos tienen muchas ganas de ir de compras (My children really feel like going on holidays).
Spanish verbs are divided into three main groups according to their ending -AR, -ER or -IR. The biggest category of verbs is those ending in -AR (around 80% of all) and the good news is that more of them are regulars (click here to learn 25 verbs ending in -ar). To conjugate these verbs, just remove the ending (-ar) and then add the corresponding termination according to the subject pronoun (yo, tú, él…).