Spanish grammar explanation.

Direct and Indirect object pronouns in Spanish

Object pronouns -direct and indirect object pronouns- substitute the noun. In English these are ‘me’, ‘him’, ‘her’ and so on. For example, in the sentence ‘Give Sam the pen,’ Sam is a noun, which can be changed to ‘Give her the pen.’ In Spanish the pronoun either comes before the verb as a separate word or after joined with the verb, when are used with affirmative imperative, an infinitive or a gerund. For example:

Le da el boli (he is giving her the pen).

Voy a darle el boli (I am going to give her the pen).

‘Dale el boli’ (give her the pen).

Estoy dándole el bolí (I am giving her the pen).

Object pronouns in Spanish

Direct and Indirect object pronouns in Spanish

¿Puedes hacerme una tostada? (Can you make me a toast?)

Os llamo manaña (I will call you tomorrow).

¿Te gusta este libro? (Do you like this book?)

Direct and indirect object pronouns in Spanish

As you can see object pronouns are a little more complicated in Spanish and that is because they change depending on whether you are referring to the direct or indirect object. Direct and indirect objects are nothing to be afraid of – you have them in English.

How direct and indirect objects work

The majority of sentences have two objects. The direct object is the noun or pronoun on the receiving end of the action for example, ‘Pass me the pen’ – it is the pen here that is receiving the action (by being passed around). The indirect object is the person or entity for whom you are doing the action.

In the above sentence the indirect object is ‘me’. Another way to say this would be ‘Pass the pen for me’. In English indirect objects are often indicated with the prepositions ‘for’ or ‘to.’ For example, ‘Explain the problem to us’ – the problem is the direct object while ‘us’ is the indirect object. With pronouns this is ‘Explain it to us.’ In the Spanish equivalent of this sentence the direct object is signified with ‘lo’ and the indirect with ‘nos.’ So it would be ‘explícamelo’ – The indirect object goes first followed by the direct (or in other words ‘lo’ and ‘la’ go at the end). Explain to him the problem would be ‘Explícale el problema.’

The LE, LO, LA rule

If I were to say in Spanish (Give them to them) I would end up with ‘Daleslas.’ These are far too many ‘l’ words for comfort. To avoid the Repetition of all those ‘l’ sounds ‘le’ and ‘les’ change to ‘se’ when paired with ‘lo,’ ‘la’, ‘los’ or ‘las.’ So the above sentence would be ‘Dáselas.’ More examples ‘Explícaselo’ (explain it to her). ‘Prestárselo’ (lend him/them it).

Remember you can contact you tutor with any question you have about direct and indirect object pronouns in Spanish. Don’t you have a personal Spanish tutor yet? Also you can try our workshop about personal pronouns. Now, it is time to practice what you have learned with our quizzes.

Verbs like GUSTAR (A2)

You will probably already have come across the phrase me gusta meaning I like Actually, gustar means literally to please, and works also like this verb, where the thing that you like is the subject of the sentence:

guardar

Nos gusta el flamenco (We like flamenco or literally “flamenco pleases us”).

Even though flamenco comes after gustar is the subject of the sentence and therefore the ending of the verb agree with flamenco instead of with we (learn more about gustar).

There are many other verbs like gustar in Spanish. In fact, practically most of the Spanish verbs can be used like gustar, but careful because they usually change their original meaning. Let’s see some of them. Continue reading Verbs like GUSTAR (A2)

DAR conjugation and expressions, Spanish grammar (A2)

DAR conjugation and expressions, Spanish grammar (A2)
Le está dando calabazas.

Spanish verb DAR (to give) usually trouble students because it is irregular in the present and preterite tense and also can be found in many colloquial expressions that are difficult to understand in English.

Click on the link to learn full conjugation of dar in the different tenses. Below you can find some colloquial expressions with dar (translated into English) that you are going to find very useful. Finally, practice everything that you have learned with our quizzes.

Continue reading DAR conjugation and expressions, Spanish grammar (A2)

Spanish conditional quizzes (B1)

Spanish conditional quizzesLet’s see how much you know about the Spanish conditional tenseel condicional simple. Today we propose to you eight quizzes to check if you can form and understand how to use the conditional tense in Spanish. Click on this link if you want to review the grammar points or here to download the pdf sheet.

Don´t forget you can contact your personal tutor with any question you have about the conditional tense in Spanish. Don’t you have a Spanish personal tutor yet?

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DIMINUTIVES IN SPANISH, HOW TO FORM AND USE THEM (A2)

Diminutives in Spanish –LOS DIMINUTIVOS– are used very often. For instance, when you hear a family member addressed in Spanish, you may not hear the standard relation terms (review vocabulary about family). In fact, you are more likely to hear variations on those terms. This is true because Spanish allows diminutive suffixes to be added to the ends of nouns. These suffixes are there to signal how the speaker feels about the person (or object) being described. Continue reading DIMINUTIVES IN SPANISH, HOW TO FORM AND USE THEM (A2)

Infinitive in Spanish, basic Spanish grammar (A1)

The infinitive allows you to speak of an action in the abstract, as a noun. In English, infinitives are verbs preceded by “to”: to be, to go, to stay, and so on. Spanish infinitives do not have any function words equivalent to the English “to” that precede them, but you can recognize them by one of three possible endings: –ar, –er, and –ir. These three groupings aren’t arbitrary—they signal how the verb should be conjugated. For every tense, you’ll learn three sets of regular endings, one for each of these groups.

Continue reading Infinitive in Spanish, basic Spanish grammar (A1)

PRESENT TENSE IRREGULAR QUIZZES (A1)

Present tense irregular quizzes (Spanish verbs)Ready to master the irregular verbs in the present tense? Below you have 14 quizzes to practice the conjugation of the Spanish irregular verbs in the present tense, from?crosswords to word search or fill the gaps. Click here to learn more.

Estás preparado para dominar los verbos irregulares en el presente de indicativo? Abajo tienes 14 actividades para practicar la conjugación de los verbos irregulares españoles en el presente de indicativo, de crucigramas a sopas de letras o rellena huecos.  Cliquea en el vínculo para saber más.

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Verb’s Mood in Spanish, what they are (A2)

Verb’s mood isn’t about how the verb is feeling—whether it’s sad or gloomy or happy or confused. But in a way, it’s not all that different. Any complete thought that you can convey Verb’s Mood in Spanish, what they arepossesses mood, also referred to as “voice,” whether it is by what you say, how you say it, or under what circumstances you say it. When talking about the mood of an expression, you are focusing on the speaker’s motivation in stating something in a particular way. The moods that you will encounter in Spanish fall under three general categories.

Continue reading Verb’s Mood in Spanish, what they are (A2)