Spanish grammar explanation.

DAR conjugation and expressions, Spanish grammar (A2)

DAR conjugation and expressions, Spanish grammar (A2)
Le está dando calabazas.

Spanish verb DAR (to give) usually trouble students because it is irregular in the present and preterite tense and also can be found in many colloquial expressions that are difficult to understand in English.

Click on the link to learn full conjugation of dar in the different tenses. Below you can find some colloquial expressions with dar (translated into English) that you are going to find very useful. Finally, practice everything that you have learned with our quizzes.

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Spanish conditional quizzes (B1)

Spanish conditional quizzesLet’s see how much you know about the Spanish conditional tenseel condicional simple. Today we propose to you eight quizzes to check if you can form and understand how to use the conditional tense in Spanish. Click on this link if you want to review the grammar points or here to download the pdf sheet.

Don´t forget you can contact your personal tutor with any question you have about the conditional tense in Spanish. Don’t you have a Spanish personal tutor yet?

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DIMINUTIVES IN SPANISH, HOW TO FORM AND USE THEM (A2)

Diminutives in Spanish –LOS DIMINUTIVOS– are used very often. For instance, when you hear a family member addressed in Spanish, you may not hear the standard relation terms (review vocabulary about family). In fact, you are more likely to hear variations on those terms. This is true because Spanish allows diminutive suffixes to be added to the ends of nouns. These suffixes are there to signal how the speaker feels about the person (or object) being described. Continue reading DIMINUTIVES IN SPANISH, HOW TO FORM AND USE THEM (A2)

Infinitive in Spanish, basic Spanish grammar (A1)

The infinitive allows you to speak of an action in the abstract, as a noun. In English, infinitives are verbs preceded by “to”: to be, to go, to stay, and so on. Spanish infinitives do not have any function words equivalent to the English “to” that precede them, but you can recognize them by one of three possible endings: –ar, –er, and –ir. These three groupings aren’t arbitrary—they signal how the verb should be conjugated. For every tense, you’ll learn three sets of regular endings, one for each of these groups.

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PRESENT TENSE IRREGULAR QUIZZES (A1)

Present tense irregular quizzes (Spanish verbs)Ready to master the irregular verbs in the present tense? Below you have 14 quizzes to practice the conjugation of the Spanish irregular verbs in the present tense, from?crosswords to word search or fill the gaps. Click here to learn more.

Estás preparado para dominar los verbos irregulares en el presente de indicativo? Abajo tienes 14 actividades para practicar la conjugación de los verbos irregulares españoles en el presente de indicativo, de crucigramas a sopas de letras o rellena huecos.  Cliquea en el vínculo para saber más.

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Verb’s Mood in Spanish, what they are (A2)

Verb’s mood isn’t about how the verb is feeling—whether it’s sad or gloomy or happy or confused. But in a way, it’s not all that different. Any complete thought that you can convey Verb’s Mood in Spanish, what they arepossesses mood, also referred to as “voice,” whether it is by what you say, how you say it, or under what circumstances you say it. When talking about the mood of an expression, you are focusing on the speaker’s motivation in stating something in a particular way. The moods that you will encounter in Spanish fall under three general categories.

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Diphthongs -diptongos en español- (A2)

DiphthongsDiphthongs (diptongos en español) are a combination of one strong (a, e, o) and one weak vowel (i, u), or of two weak vowels. Diphthongs are counted as one syllable. It may not be separated unless the weak vowel bears a written accent called “tilde”:

   ai, ay aire, hay pronounce like “eye”
    ei, ey reino, ley pronounce like “may”
   oi, oy oigo, hoy pronounce like “toy”
   iu triunfo, ciudad pronounce like “you”
   ui, uy cuidar, muy pronounce like “Louie”
   ue hueso, muerte pronounce like “west”
   au jaula, Paula pronounce like “now”
   eu feudal, reuma pronounce like “eh + oo”
   ia estudiamos pronounce like “yacht”
   ie miel, quiero pronounce like “ye”
   ua cuatro, mensual pronounce like “watt”
   uo cuota, antiguo pronounce like “quota”

The combination of a stressed strong vowel between two weak vowels that forms a single syllable is a triphthong. In Spanish, only four exist.

   iai estudiáis pronounce like “yipe”
   iei estudiéis pronounce like “yea”
   uai (uay) continuáis, Paraguay pronounce like “wine”
   uei (uey) continuéis, buey pronounce like “wade”

 

If the weak vowel is stressed, there is a separation called hiato, these are not diphthongs: ca-í-da, dí-a, rí-en, Ma-rí-a, tí-os, re-í-mos, re-ú-ne…

It also an hiato when the combination of two strong vowels is separated: ca-e-mos,re-a-li-dad, le-en, em-ple-o, a-e-ro-pla-no..

Diphthongs and hiatosLearning about diphthongs and hiatos will help you to pronounce better.

Remember you can contact your tutor with any question you have about diphthongs. Don’t you have a Spanish personal tutor yet? Just click on the link to practice the diphthongs with our quizzes.