Basic Spanish Grammar (free)

Basic Spanish Grammar is essential to communicating well in Spanish.Basic Spanish grammar for English speakers

This FREE course introduces the fundamental aspects of Spanish grammar and clarifies how they should be applied with easy quizzes and clear explanations. It is perfect for self-study, but if you need some extra help, remember you can enjoy all the benefit of having a personal Spanish tutor online for just 12€ per month. Do you want to know more?

Nouns and articles: gender and number
·     The gender of things: la casa, la flor, el libro, el árbol… (A1)
·      The same noun for both genders (A1)
·     When the gender change the meaning of the words (A1)
·     Forming the plural: la casa, las casas, el árbol, los árboles…(A1) 
·     Definite articles: el, la, los, las (A1)
·     Indefinite articles: un, una, unos, unas (A1)
Adjectives, adverbs, conjuctions, demonstratives and possessives
·     Adjectives introduction: alto, bueno, rico, azul… (A1)
.      Adjectives of nationality: español, mexicano, estadounidense… (A1)
·     Adjectives ending agreement: la casa blanca, el coche blanco (A1)
·     Adjectives position -word order: un hombre bueno, un buen hombre (A2)
·     Demonstrative Adjectives: este, ese, aquel… (A1)
·     Possessives Adjectives: mi coche, tu coche, su coche… (A1)
·     Possessives Pronouns: el mío, el tuyo, el suyo… (A2)
.     Adverbs (A2)
.    También vs tampoco.
.    Frequency adverbs.
.      Conjuction “ni” (A2)
Indefinites and Quantifiers
·    Indefinites affirmatives and negatives (A2)
·     Alguien, algo, nadie, nada, alguno, ninguno… (A2)
·     Mucho, poco, todo… (A1)
·     Poco, un poco de… (A2)
·     Muy, mucho, muchos… (A2)
Personal pronouns
·     Personal pronouns: Introduction (A1)
·     Subject pronouns: yo, tú, él, ella, nosotros… (A1)
·     Subject pronouns: Different ways to say “you” (A1)
·     Subject pronouns: vs usted (A1)
·     Reflexive verbs: lavarse, llamarse, acordarse… (A1)
·     Reflexive verbs and pronouns: me, te, se, nos, os, se (A2)
·     Direct object pronouns: me, te, lo, la, nos, os, los, las (A1)
·     Indirect Object pronouns: me, te, le, nos, os, les (A1)
·     Combination of two pronouns: me lo dijo, se lo dijé… (A2)
·     Imperative and the pronouns: Dámelo, no me lo des… (A2)
·    What is a preposition.
·     DE vs A (A1)
·     DESDE vs DE – How to say “from” (A2)
·     POR vs PARA, motion vs destination (A1)
·     Verbs with preposition “A” I (A2)
·     Verbs with preposition “DE” II (A2)
·     Verbs with prepositions “CON”, “EN” or “POR” III (A2)
·       Verbs with no prepositions in Spanish IV (A2)
·     Pronombres detrás de una preposición – Prepositional pronouns (A2)
·     Personal prepositions “A” (A2)
.      Prepositions of place I (A1)
.      Prepositions of place II (A1)
Verbs: present tense
·     Verbs overview (A1)
·    Transitive verbs.
·     What are and how to use the present tenses (A1)
.     Present tense: verbs ending in -AR (A1)
·     Forming the present tense of regular verbs: hablo, comes, escribe… (A1)
·     Verb SER-To be: soy, eres, es, somos, sois, son (A1)
·     Verb ESTAR-To be: estoy, estás, está, estamos, estáis, están (A1)
·     Adjectives with SER or ESTAR: ser rico, estar rico (A2)
·    Hay“: There is/ there are (A1)
.      HAY vs ESTAR (A1)
·      Present tense irregulars I – very irregulars and first person: tener, venir, decir… (A1)
·      Present tense irregulars II – Stem changing verbs: querer, poder, pedir… (A1)
·     Expressing likes and dislikes: me gusta, no me gusta (A1)
.     Other verbs like gustar (A2)
 .     Verb DOLER –to hurt- (A2)
·     Estar + gerund, the present continuous tense: estoy escribiendo una novela (A1)
.      El gerundio -gerund- (A2)
·     Ir + a + infinitive -near future-: voy a escribir una novela (A1)
·     Linking two verbs together I: quiero comprar, voy a comprar, tengo que comprar…  (A1)
Verbs: past tenses
·     Past Participles: cerrado, vendido, visto, roto… (A2)
·     Present perfect: he cerrado la puerta… (A1)
·     Preterit tense, regular verbs: cerré la puerta (A1)
·     Preterit tense, irregular verbs: fui, dí, quise, vine…  (A2)
·     When to use the preterit tense: ayer fui al parque (A1)
·     Forming the imperfect tense: era, iba, estaba, escribía (A2)
·     When to use the imperfect tense: antes iba mucho al parque (A2)
.      The pluperfect tense.
Verbs: Future and Conditional
·     Forming the future tense: compraré, venderás, abrirémos (A2)
·     Ways of talking about future: llegaré, voy a llegar… (A2)
·     Forming the conditional tense: compraría, venderías, abriríamos (B1)
·     When to use the conditional tense (B1)
Verbs: Imperative – Commands-
·     Imperative affirmative: mira, escucha, escribe (A1)
·     Imperative negative: no mires, no escuches, no escribas… (A1)
·     Imperative and the pronouns: levántate, no te levantes, dámelo… (A2)
Verbs: Subjunctive
·     Formation of the present subjunctive: llegue, venga, sea… (B1)
·     Express wishes and wants with the subjunctive: ojalá venga, espero que venga (B1)
·     Employing impersonal expressions (B1)
·     Word order (A1)
·     Negatives and negation: no, nunca, nada, nadie… (A1)
·     Posing yes or not questions: ¿Te llamas Juan? (A1)
·     Open-ended questions I: qué, dónde, cuándo… (A1)
·     Open-ended questions II: qué, cuál, cuáles… (A2)
·     Open-ended questions III: quién, cuánto… (A2)
·    Express obligation (A1).
·     Comparatives and superlatives: más, menos, tan, tanto… (A1)
·     Joining part of a sentence I: y, o, también, tampoco… (A2)
·     Joining part of a sentence II: donde, como, cuando, es que … (B1)
·     Passive and impersonal sentences with “se”: se habla español  (B1)
·     Oraciones condicionales I: si estudias, aprenderás (A2)
.      Reported Speech (B1)
·     Cardinal numbers: uno, dos, tres… (A1)

Basic Spanish Grammar can also be used as preparation to more advanced courses. Please, check the courses we have at the moment. 

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