Basic Spanish grammar updated

¡Feliz Viernes a todos! We have updated our Basic Spanish Grammar with six new units:

All of them have clear grammar explanations, many examples, quizzes to practices and they are free.  Don´t hesitate to contact us, or directly to your tutor, to suggest new topics.

¡Buen fin de semana y hasta pronto!

Basic Spanish Grammar (free)

Basic Spanish Grammar is essential to communicating well in Spanish.Basic Spanish grammar for English speakers

This FREE course introduces the fundamental aspects of Spanish grammar and clarifies how they should be applied with easy quizzes and clear explanations. It is perfect for self-study, but if you need some extra help, remember you can enjoy all the benefit of having a personal Spanish tutor online for just 12€ per month. Do you want to know more?

Nouns and articles: gender and number
·     The gender of things: la casa, la flor, el libro, el árbol… (A1)
·      The same noun for both genders (A1)
·     When the gender change the meaning of the words (A1)
·     Forming the plural: la casa, las casas, el árbol, los árboles…(A1) 
·     Definite articles: el, la, los, las (A1)
·     Indefinite articles: un, una, unos, unas (A1)
Adjectives, adverbs, conjuctions, demonstratives and possessives
·     Adjectives introduction: alto, bueno, rico, azul… (A1)
.      Adjectives of nationality: español, mexicano, estadounidense… (A1)
·     Adjectives ending agreement: la casa blanca, el coche blanco (A1)
·     Adjectives position -word order: un hombre bueno, un buen hombre (A2)
·     Demonstrative Adjectives: este, ese, aquel… (A1)
·     Possessives Adjectives: mi coche, tu coche, su coche… (A1)
·     Possessives Pronouns: el mío, el tuyo, el suyo… (A2)
.     Adverbs (A2)
.    También vs tampoco.
.    Frequency adverbs.
.      Conjuction “ni” (A2)
Indefinites and Quantifiers
·    Indefinites affirmatives and negatives (A2)
·     Alguien, algo, nadie, nada, alguno, ninguno… (A2)
·     Mucho, poco, todo… (A1)
·     Poco, un poco de… (A2)
·     Muy, mucho, muchos… (A2)
Personal pronouns
·     Personal pronouns: Introduction (A1)
·     Subject pronouns: yo, tú, él, ella, nosotros… (A1)
·     Subject pronouns: Different ways to say “you” (A1)
·     Subject pronouns: vs usted (A1)
·     Reflexive verbs: lavarse, llamarse, acordarse… (A1)
·     Reflexive verbs and pronouns: me, te, se, nos, os, se (A2)
·     Direct object pronouns: me, te, lo, la, nos, os, los, las (A1)
·     Indirect Object pronouns: me, te, le, nos, os, les (A1)
·     Combination of two pronouns: me lo dijo, se lo dijé… (A2)
·     Imperative and the pronouns: Dámelo, no me lo des… (A2)
Prepositions
·    What is a preposition.
·     DE vs A (A1)
·     DESDE vs DE – How to say “from” (A2)
·     POR vs PARA, motion vs destination (A1)
·     Verbs with preposition “A” I (A2)
·     Verbs with preposition “DE” II (A2)
·     Verbs with prepositions “CON”, “EN” or “POR” III (A2)
·       Verbs with no prepositions in Spanish IV (A2)
·     Pronombres detrás de una preposición – Prepositional pronouns (A2)
·     Personal prepositions “A” (A2)
.      Prepositions of place I (A1)
.      Prepositions of place II (A1)
Verbs: present tense
·     Verbs overview (A1)
·    Transitive verbs.
·     What are and how to use the present tenses (A1)
.     Present tense: verbs ending in -AR (A1)
·     Forming the present tense of regular verbs: hablo, comes, escribe… (A1)
·     Verb SER-To be: soy, eres, es, somos, sois, son (A1)
·     Verb ESTAR-To be: estoy, estás, está, estamos, estáis, están (A1)
·     Adjectives with SER or ESTAR: ser rico, estar rico (A2)
·    Hay“: There is/ there are (A1)
.      HAY vs ESTAR (A1)
·      Present tense irregulars I – very irregulars and first person: tener, venir, decir… (A1)
·      Present tense irregulars II – Stem changing verbs: querer, poder, pedir… (A1)
·     Expressing likes and dislikes: me gusta, no me gusta (A1)
.     Other verbs like gustar (A2)
 .     Verb DOLER –to hurt- (A2)
·     Estar + gerund, the present continuous tense: estoy escribiendo una novela (A1)
.      El gerundio -gerund- (A2)
·     Ir + a + infinitive -near future-: voy a escribir una novela (A1)
·     Linking two verbs together I: quiero comprar, voy a comprar, tengo que comprar…  (A1)
Verbs: past tenses
·     Past Participles: cerrado, vendido, visto, roto… (A2)
·     Present perfect: he cerrado la puerta… (A1)
·     Preterit tense, regular verbs: cerré la puerta (A1)
·     Preterit tense, irregular verbs: fui, dí, quise, vine…  (A2)
·     When to use the preterit tense: ayer fui al parque (A1)
·     Forming the imperfect tense: era, iba, estaba, escribía (A2)
·     When to use the imperfect tense: antes iba mucho al parque (A2)
.      The pluperfect tense.
Verbs: Future and Conditional
·     Forming the future tense: compraré, venderás, abrirémos (A2)
·     Ways of talking about future: llegaré, voy a llegar… (A2)
·     Forming the conditional tense: compraría, venderías, abriríamos (B1)
·     When to use the conditional tense (B1)
Verbs: Imperative – Commands-
·     Imperative affirmative: mira, escucha, escribe (A1)
·     Imperative negative: no mires, no escuches, no escribas… (A1)
·     Imperative and the pronouns: levántate, no te levantes, dámelo… (A2)
Verbs: Subjunctive
·     Formation of the present subjunctive: llegue, venga, sea… (B1)
·     Express wishes and wants with the subjunctive: ojalá venga, espero que venga (B1)
·     Employing impersonal expressions (B1)
Sentences
·     Word order (A1)
·     Negatives and negation: no, nunca, nada, nadie… (A1)
·     Posing yes or not questions: ¿Te llamas Juan? (A1)
·     Open-ended questions I: qué, dónde, cuándo… (A1)
·     Open-ended questions II: qué, cuál, cuáles… (A2)
·     Open-ended questions III: quién, cuánto… (A2)
·    Express obligation (A1).
·     Comparatives and superlatives: más, menos, tan, tanto… (A1)
·     Joining part of a sentence I: y, o, también, tampoco… (A2)
·     Joining part of a sentence II: donde, como, cuando, es que … (B1)
·     Passive and impersonal sentences with “se”: se habla español  (B1)
·     Oraciones condicionales I: si estudias, aprenderás (A2)
.      Reported Speech (B1)
Numbers
·     Cardinal numbers: uno, dos, tres… (A1)

Basic Spanish Grammar can also be used as preparation to more advanced courses. Please, check the courses we have at the moment. 

Learn more about this course

Podcast_040: ¿Qué vas a hacer? (A1)

Hacer planesVas a escuchar a dos jóvenes que hablan de sus planes para el fin de semana, mientras intentan “quedar” ¿Lo consiguen? Para ello van a utilizar recursos como el futuro para planes o la perífrasis tener que + infinitivo, para expresar obligación.

Escucha el audio, responde a las preguntas y comprueba las respuestas. Recuerda escribir a tu tutor si tienes alguna duda (question).

Continue reading Podcast_040: ¿Qué vas a hacer? (A1)

Spanish Fundamentals Topics (Curso básico de Español)

Unit 01 “Hola ¿Cómo te llamas?”
By the end of this lesson you will be able to:
• Say hello and goodbye.
• Introduce yourself.
• Say where you are from.
• Learn the name of countries and nationalities.
• Verbs SER and LlAMARSE.
• Pronombre de Sujeto (subject Pronouns): yo, tú, él…
• Numbers from 0 to 15.

Unit 02 “¿Dónde trabajas?”
By the end of this lesson you will be able to:
• Different ways to greeting.
• Say what you do for living and where do you work.
• Say what languages do you speak.
• Explain why you are learning Spanish.
• Ask and understand simple questions.
• Present tense verbs ending in –ar.
• Numbers from 0 – 20.

Unit 03 “Información personal”
By the end of this lesson you will be able to:
• Ask questions with ¿Cuál?
• Give personal information: telephone, email, address…
• Formal and informal way to speak (tú or usted).
• Expression to use in class.
• Present tense: regular verbs.
• Spanish alphabet and spelling.
• Count to 100.

Unit 04 Mi familia y mis amigos
By the end of this lesson you will be able to:
• Talk about family and relationship.
• Talk about marital status.
• Say and ask about age.
• Verb TENER (to have).
• Introduce demonstratives
• The possessives adjectives.

Unit 05 “Mi casa”
By the end of this lesson you will be able to:
• Describe where do you live.
• Identify part of the house.
• Name of some furniture.
• Explain where things are located.
• Verbs ESTAR & HABER (hay).
• Adverbs of place.

Unidad 06 “El transporte y la ciudad”
By the end of this lesson you will be able to:
• Identify different means of transport.
• Verbs of movement: ir, venir, llegar…
• Prepositions: en, a, de, desde, hasta…
• Differences between ir and irse.
• Say what there is in your town/city.
• Compare cities and transport.

Unidad 7 “Otra gente y yo”
By the end of this lesson you will be able to:
• Describe people appearance.
• Describe people character.
• Say what things you like or dislike.
• Verbs SER, TENER and LLEVAR.
• Some parts of the body.
• Use adjectives more confidently

Unit 08 “Hoy comemos fuera”
By the end of this lesson you will be able to:
• Understanding menus.
• Order food and drink.
• Ask about items in the menu.
• Say what food or drink you like or dislike.
• Pay compliment or make a complaint.
• Verbs querer and preferer

Unit 09 “Rutina diaria”
By the end of this lesson you will be able to:
• Say and ask the time
• Talk about days of the week and months of the year.
• Describe your daily routine.
• Understand reflexive pronouns.
• Frequency adverbs.
• More about numbers and dates.

Unit 10 “El fin de semana”
By the end of this lesson you will be able to:
• Describe leisure time activities and housework.
• Talk about our plans and projects.
• Talk about obligations.
• Talk about what we need to do.
• Talk about what we have just done.
• Verbal periphrasis.

Unit 11 “De compras”
By the end of this lesson you will be able to:
• Ask for items in a shop.
• Talk about types of shops and products you can buy.
• Describe things.
• Asking for prices or the bill.
• Use the comparatives.
• Use the direct object pronouns.

Unit 12 “En la tienda de ropa”
By the end of this lesson you will be able to:
• Ask for clothing, shoes, or accessories in a shop.
• Ask about quality, color, material, or size.
• Identify what items do we want.
• Understand prizes.
• Use the demonstratives and indefinites more confidently.
• Use the direct and indirect object pronouns.

Unit 13 “En la playa”
By the end of this lesson you will be able to:
• Talk about what can be done on the beach.
• Talk about the weather.
• Describe what it is going on: Estar + gerund.
• Gerunds: regular and irregular.
• More about the pronouns.
• Vocabulary related to the beach.

Unit 14 “Un billete, por favor…”
By the end of this lesson you will be able to:
• Buy train/bus/plane tickets and check travel details.
• Give the time and ask about departures and arrival times.
• Get around the town/city.
• Ask and about routes.
• Give directions.
• Imperativo (imperative) conjugation.

Unit 15 “Ayer fue un buen día”
By the end of this lesson you will be able to:
• Say what we did yesterday.
• Describe a very especial day.
• Review daily routine daily activities.
• Pretérito Indefinido (preterit or simple past) conjugation.
• Time markers for the preterit

Unit 16 “Unas vacaciones muy especiales”
By the end of this lesson you will be able to:
Describe a holiday in the past.
• Reading about a very especial holidays
• Saying where you went last year and what you did.
• Dealing with problems during holidays and make complaints.
• Vocabulary related to holidays.
• Learn more irregular verbs in the preterit.

Unit 17 “En el medico”
By the end of this lesson you will be able to:
• Talk about our health.
• Describe symptoms.
• The human body.
• Visit the doctor or the pharmacy.
• Ask for advice.
• Giving advice or recommendations with conditional or the imperative.

Unit 18 “Mi agenda I”
By the end of this lesson you will be able to:
• Talk about what is in our agenda.
• Say what we have already done and when we did it.
• Say what we haven’t done yet and when we are going to do it.
• Pretérito perfecto (present perfect) conjugation.
• Participios pasados (past participle) regulars and irregulars.
• Contrast between present perfect and preterit.

Unit 19 “Mi agenda II”
By the end of this lesson you will be able to:
• Compare agendas
• Make appointments or an invitation.
• Accept or reject and invitation and give excuses.
• Time markers for the present perfect.
• More about contrast between present perfect and preterit.
• Differences in the use of the present perfect in Spain and América.

Unit 20 “Antes las ciudades eran más seguras”
By the end of this lesson you will be able to:
• Compare a city in the past and in the preset.
• Say how thing used to be.
• Describe objects.
• Denounce a robbery in a police station.
• Describe the thieves
• Pretérito imperfecto (imperfect) conjugation.