Preterite tense, irregular verbs in third person (A2)

Here we are, speaking again about the PRETÉRITO INDEFINIDO   and more specifically about the irregular verbs in the preterite. Can you believe it? We have already seen when to use the preterite, the regular verbs, and the very irregular verbs. 

This time we are going to learn a new group of verbs, the last one I promise, that are irregulars just in the third person singular (él, ella, usted) and plural (ellos, ellas, ustedes) of the preterite. The change is going to affect only one letter, not really difficult, and we can organise these verbs into three groups. Continue reading Preterite tense, irregular verbs in third person (A2)

Podcast_038: ¿Cómo es tu barrio? (A1)

Mi barrio

Rosa es una mujer española que está visitando a su amiga Gabriela en Argentina. Gabriela pregunta a Rosa por el barrio donde vive en España. Escucha la conversación y responder a las preguntas de abajo.

También puedes repasar el vocabulario relacionado con la ciudad y los usos de “hay” (there is/there are). Finalmente comprueba tus respuestas y la transcripción.

Continue reading Podcast_038: ¿Cómo es tu barrio? (A1)

Spanish Present Perfect – GRAMMAR (A1)

Spanish present perfect

The  PRESENT PERFECT TENSE  or PRETÉRITO PERFECTO in Spanish describes what a person has done in an indeterminate point the past, it used very much to talk about experiences when it is not important when the event(s) took place, or to talk about an action that happened in the recent past.

Hemos ido a Bolivia dos veces (We have gone to Bolivia twice-it is not important when.)

He visto a Mercedes en el pasillo (I have seen Mercedes on the corridor- I understand that recently.)

 Forming the present perfect indicative

1. Because the present perfect tense is a compound tense, you will be working with two verbs, not one. To form verbs in this tense, first conjugate haber (to have) in the present (not tener, even though it means to have too):

HABER – to have (auxiliary)
(yo) he (nosotros, -as) hemos
(tu) has (vosotros, -as) habéis
(usted) ha (ustedes) han
(el, ella) ha (ellos, -as) han

2. The conjugated form of haber is followed by the past participle of the desired verb. Most past participle in Spanish are regulars. The pattern for regular past participles are below:

  • -ar verbs, drop the ar ending and replace it with –ado: hablar = hablado.
  • -er verbs, drop the –er ending and replace it with –ido: comer = comido.
  • -ir verbs, drop the –ir ending and replace it with ido: recibir = recibido.

Ya has hablado con Enrique (you have already spoken to Enrique.)

Nunca he comido ceviche (I have never eaten ceviche.)

Todavia no hemos recibido los regalos (We haven’t received the present yet.)

There are several common verbs that have irregular past participles: ver =visto, ir= ido, hacer = hecho, escribir = escrito, decir = dicho, volver = vuelto, abrir= abierto, poner = puesto, morir= muerto, imprimir=  impreso... (learn more about past participles).

3. The auxiliary verb (haber) and the past participle are never separated in Spanish, unlike English. If object pronouns are present, they go immediately before haber.

¿Los has visto? (Have you seen them?)

Se las he dado. (I have given them to her.)

4. It is mainly used with expressions such as nunca (never), ya (already), todavía no (not yet), a veces (sometimes), ¿alguna vez (ever)?

This form is very widely used in Spain, while in Latin and South America, the preterite is used more often. In the following examples, you can see some differences between both ways to use this tense:

Este mes he viajado a Perú. (This month I have traveled to Peru-Spain.)

Este mes viajé a Perú. (This month I traveled to Peru-America.)

Hoy he llegado tarde a trabajar. (Today I have arrived late to work– Spain.)

Hoy llegué tarde a trabajar. (Today I arrived late to work-America.)

5. The present perfect tense is NOT used:

  • to indicate an action still in progress. The present tense is used to do this:

Hace tres años que vivo aquí. (I have lived here for three years.)

  • to express the idea to have just done something. It is more common to use the periphrasis acabar + de to convey this idea.

Acabo de leer este libro. (I have just finished reading this book.)

6. Finally, notice that the verb is usually called present perfect indicative because there is also a present perfect subjunctive, but don’t panic this second present perfect is much easier to learn.

Spanish present perfect tense activities and quizzes

Now, you can practice with our quizzes everything that you have learned and don’t forget to check the past participles entry.

You can also learn how the present perfect works in context by watching the video “¿Alguna vez has viajado en barco?”  or listening to the podcast_042: Un día en la selva (A1).  Remember to contact your tutor with any question you have or to ask for more homework. Don’t you have a Spanish personal tutor yet?

What’s is new this week

In our new blog LEARN SPANISH ONLINE this week we are going to publish the following posts.

  • Spanish relative pronouns que and quien.
  • 12 different ways to say I am tired in Spanish.
  • A new Grammar quizzes colletion about el Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto de Indicativo.
  • New flashcards about numbers from 0 to 19.

I hope you visit us and enjoy the new activities to learn Spanish Now.

 

 

What is going to be new this week?

Hola, a todos:

¿Cómo estáis? Espero que muy bien.

Esta semana vamos a aprender en nuestro blog  nuevo blog learn Spanish now(this week we are going to learn in our blog):

  • a conjugar el presente de subjuntivo (How to conjugate present subjunctive regular and irregular).
  • Las diferencias entre HAY, AHÍ y  AY, para que no los confundamos más (Differences between HAY, AHÍ and AY, so we don’t mistake them more).
  • Una selección de actividades interactives para practicar los pronombres reflexivos  (A selection of interactive activities to practice the reflexive verbs).
  • 20 flashcards con verbos con cambios vocálico e-ie (20 flashcards with stem changing verbs e-ie).

Espero que os gusten y hasta la próxima semana (I hope you like them and see you next week).

Un abrazo para todos, 

El equipo de Hablamos SLE

Semana de 4 de marzo, ¿qué hay nuevo?

Esta semana en nuestro nuevo blog https://www.learnspanishnow.online/, vamos a publicar:

  • Una unidad, mejorada y actualizada, sobre los verbos regulares en el presente de indicativo.
  • Una colección de 20 flashcards con adjetivos terminados en -o.
  • Un vídeo en el que se compara la vida antes y ahora, utilizando el pretérito imperfecto con muchas actividades.
  • Una colección de quizzes sobre el imperativo afirmativo, que será de libre acceso durante una semana.

This week in our new blog https://www.learnspanishnow.online/, we are going to publish:

  • An improved and updated unit on the regular verbs in the present tense.
  • A collection of 20 flashcards with adjectives ending in -o.
  • A video in which life is compared before and now, using the imperfect tense, with many activities.
  • A collection of quizzes about the affirmative imperative, which will be free access for a week. 

Great News! – ¡Grandes Noticias!

¡Buenas noticias! Ya está operativo nuestro nuevo blog para ayudarte a aprender español LEARN SPANISH NOW, su dirección  es …..

Todavía no está funcionando al 100%, pero las nuevas entradas se van a publicar allí directamente. Por ejemplo, las novedades para esta semana son:

  • Un artículo sobre los verbos transitivos, que nos va a ayudar a entender mejor el complemento directo y los pronombres de complemento directo.
  • Una nueva sección para aprender vocabulario con Flashcards, esta semana serán 22 verbos terminados en -AR.
  • Una colección de ejercicios interactivos sobre la concordancia entre el adjetivo y el nombre. Las colecciones de ejercicios serán de acceso libre durante una semana, luego pasarán a ser restringidas para los miembros del SERVICIO PREMIUM.

Estamos trabajando en nuevas secciones, así que os agradeceremos mucho si tenéis alguna sugerencia para mejorar nuestro/vuestro blog. No olvidéis que EASY SPANISH continuará a vuestra disposición al menos hasta el próximo año.

Un saludo para todos y no dudéis en escribirnos si tenéis alguna duda.Os mantendremos informados.

Good news! Our new blog to help you to learn Spanish LEARN SPANISH NOW is now operational, the address is …

It is still not working 100%, but the new entries will be published there directly. For example, the novelties for this week are:

  • A post on “transitive verbs”, which will help us to better understand the direct object and direct object pronouns.
  • A new section to learn vocabulary with Flashcards, this week the topic will “22 verbs ending in -AR”.
  • A collection of interactive exercises about “agreement between the adjective and the name”. The collections of exercises will be of free access for a week, then they will be restricted for members of the PREMIUM SERVICE.

We are working on new sections, so we would be very grateful if you have any suggestions to improve our / your blog. Do not forget that EASY SPANISH will continue operative at least until next year.

Regards to all of you and do not hesitate to write us if you have any questions. We will keep you posted.

Spanish Demonstrative Pronouns (A2)

Do you already know how to use the demonstrative adjectives in Spanish? If your answer is “yes”, it is time to start working with the demonstrative pronouns or,  PRONOMBRES DEMOSTRATIVOS in Spanish. If not click on the link to learn about the adjectives first.

Spanish adjectives pronouns, let's see how they work

Demonstrative pronouns in Spanish (words that point out a specific person or thing) are identical to the demonstrative adjectives, as you can see in the grid above. Although pronouns agree in number and gender with the noun they replace.

Esta chaqueta y esa son de cuero (This jacket and that one are leather).

Estos libros y aquellos parecen más interesantes (These books and those look more interesting).

Sometimes you can see Spanish demonstrative pronouns written with an accent on the stressed syllable (over the first e in each word: éste, ése, aquél…), this is because years ago an accent was compulsory on the pronouns to avoid mistake them with the demonstrative adjectives, but not anymore. Spanish demonstrative pronouns must not be written with an accent!

 

Other ways to omit the name

The definite article (el, la, los, las) followed by “de” or “que” is often translated as a kind of demonstrative pronoun.

Mi corbata y la de mi hermano (my tie and that of my brother (my brother’s) ).

Este libro y el que tiene Juan son interesantes (This book and the one that Juan has (Juan’s) are interesting).

 

Neuter demonstrative pronouns

The neuter forms (eso, esto, aquello) are used when the gender is not determined or when referring to vague or general ideas, never to persons or specific things. These words do not vary in gender or number and no accent mark is required.

¿Qué es esto? (What is this?) [unknown].

Estoy enfermo y esto me molesta (I’m ill and this makes me angry) [general idea].

 

Former vs latter in Spanish

The pronoun este (-a, -os, -as) is used to translate the latter (the latest or most recently mentioned), while aquel (-lla, -llos, -llas) expresses the former (the most remotely mentioned).

Olga y Chema son hermanos; este es dentista, aquella es doctora (Olga and Chema are siblings; the former is a doctor, the latter is a dentist).

Note that in English, you begin with “the former,” but in Spanish, this order is reversed.

 

Spanish demonstrative pronouns practice and quizzes

Now is time for you to practice what you have learned with our quizzes below and remember to contact your tutor if you have any question about the Spanish demonstrative pronouns. Don’t you have a Spanish tutor yet?

 

12 ways to say “I love you” in Spanish (A2)

12 ways to say I love you in SpanishToday is Valentine’s Day and everything is full of love, but you are sure to know how to say “I love you” in Spanish? Here you have 12 different ways from all our heart.

Hoy es San Valentín y todo se llena de amor pero, ¿estás seguro de saber como decir “I love you” in Spanish? Aquí tienes 12 maneras diferentes de hacerlo de todo corazón.

Continue reading 12 ways to say “I love you” in Spanish (A2)