Do you already know how to use the demonstrative adjectives in Spanish? If your answer is “yes”, it is time to start working with the demonstrative pronouns or, PRONOMBRES DEMOSTRATIVOS in Spanish. If not click on the link to learn about the adjectives first.
Hoy es San Valentín y todo se llena de amor pero, ¿estás seguro de saber como decir “I love you” in Spanish? Aquí tienes 12 maneras diferentes de hacerlo de todo corazón.
We have worked with reflexive pronouns before, but do you know we can use reflexive pronouns to express reciprocity? The plural pronominal/reflexive pronouns (nos, os, se) are used to express “each other” or “to each other.” Let’s see how the reciprocal verbs and pronouns work in Spanish.
Se abrazan (They hug to each other or they hug themselves).
Because the above statements could have a reflexive meaning as well, one may add one of the following phrases to clarify, but this is optional since the context of the sentence is going to be very helpful.
Se abrazan el uno al otro (they hug to each other).
Using double objects pronouns in Spanish implies working with direct object pronouns (D.O.P.), indirect object pronouns (I.O.P.) and reflexive pronouns and their collocations. So first at all, I advise you to review these topics individually (by clicking on the link) if you don’t feel very confident about them.
Anyway, you can find all these pronouns in the chart below.
Reported speech or indirect speech –EL ESTILO INDIRECTO in Spanish- are used to relate someone’s words without using a direct quote.
Decir without an indirect object usually means “to say.” In Spanish, as in English, when reporting what someone “says,” the tense used in the original statement is also used in the reported-speech expression.
On the other hand, when reporting what someone “said,” a past tense is used. The indicative is used to report what someone says or said. The subjunctive is used in commands, to report what someone tells or told someone else to do.
Direct and indirect Speech in Spanish
Here you have some examples. Tense original quote is the direct speech, tense after “dice que” is the indirect speech in present while tense after “dijo que” is the indirect speech in the past.
Notice that in English “that” is optional in reported speech: He says he worked hard. / He says that he worked hard. In Spanish “que” is compulsory: Dijo que trabajaba duro.
There are much more about reported speech what we will see it in future post, so keep in touch!
Reported speech exercices
Now it is time you practice everything you have learned with the interactive activitiy below. Remember to contact your tutor with any question you have about reported speech in Spanish or to ask for more activities. Don’t you have a Spanish personal tutor yet?
Object pronouns -direct and indirect object pronouns- substitute the noun. In English these are ‘me’, ‘him’, ‘her’ and so on. For example, in the sentence ‘Give Sam the pen,’ Sam is a noun, which can be changed to ‘Give her the pen.’ In Spanish the pronoun either comes before the verb as a separate word or after joined with the verb, when are used with affirmative imperative, an infinitive or a gerund. For example:
Le da el boli (he is giving her the pen).
Voy a darle el boli (I am going to give her the pen).
‘Dale el boli’ (give her the pen).
Estoy dándole el bolí (I am giving her the pen).
Object pronouns in Spanish
¿Puedes hacerme una tostada? (Can you make me a toast?)
Os llamo manaña (I will call you tomorrow).
¿Te gusta este libro? (Do you like this book?)
Direct and indirect object pronouns in Spanish
As you can see object pronouns are a little more complicated in Spanish and that is because they change depending on whether you are referring to the direct or indirect object. Direct and indirect objects are nothing to be afraid of – you have them in English.
How direct and indirect objects work
The majority of sentences have two objects. The direct object is the noun or pronoun on the receiving end of the action for example, ‘Pass me the pen’ – it is the pen here that is receiving the action (by being passed around). The indirect object is the person or entity for whom you are doing the action.
In the above sentence the indirect object is ‘me’. Another way to say this would be ‘Pass the pen for me’. In English indirect objects are often indicated with the prepositions ‘for’ or ‘to.’ For example, ‘Explain the problem to us’ – the problem is the direct object while ‘us’ is the indirect object. With pronouns this is ‘Explain it to us.’ In the Spanish equivalent of this sentence the direct object is signified with ‘lo’ and the indirect with ‘nos.’ So it would be ‘explícamelo’ – The indirect object goes first followed by the direct (or in other words ‘lo’ and ‘la’ go at the end). Explain to him the problem would be ‘Explícale el problema.’
The LE, LO, LA rule
If I were to say in Spanish (Give them to them) I would end up with ‘Daleslas.’ These are far too many ‘l’ words for comfort. To avoid the Repetition of all those ‘l’ sounds ‘le’ and ‘les’ change to ‘se’ when paired with ‘lo,’ ‘la’, ‘los’ or ‘las.’ So the above sentence would be ‘Dáselas.’ More examples ‘Explícaselo’ (explain it to her). ‘Prestárselo’ (lend him/them it).
Remember you can contact you tutor with any question you have about direct and indirect object pronouns in Spanish. Don’t you have a personal Spanish tutor yet? Also you can try our workshop about personal pronouns. Now, it is time to practice what you have learned with our quizzes.
Nos gusta el flamenco (We like flamenco or literally “flamenco pleases us”).
Even though flamenco comes after gustar is the subject of the sentence and therefore the ending of the verb agree with flamenco instead of with we (learn more about gustar).
There are many other verbs like gustar in Spanish. In fact, practically most of the Spanish verbs can be used like gustar, but careful because they usually change their original meaning. Let’s see some of them. Continue reading Verbs like GUSTAR (A2)
Tradicionalmente, la noche del 5 al 6 de enero los Reyes Magos visitan los hogares de los niños españoles, y de algunos otros países de habla española, para dejarles los juguetes. El mismo día 5 se celebra un gran desfile en todas las ciudades para celebrar su llegada.
La fiesta de los Reyes Magos marca el final de la Navidad y aunque ahora convive con Papa Noel, sigue siendo una gran celebración. Aquí tienes un vídeo para conocer mejor está tradición. Pon los subtítulos si lo necesitas, crea una lista con el vocabulario que no conozcas y. cuando termines, responde a las preguntas de abajo. No te olvides de consultar cualquier duda que tengas a tu tutor ¿Todavía no tienes un tutor personal de español?
Do you have already decided your resolutions for the New Year? Let me recommend you to Learn Spanish in 2019!
The new year is a good time to start or resume your studies and speaking Spanish will open many doors in the future, both personally and professionally and if you think I exaggerate do not miss this article.
We are upgrading our Spanish resources and for this, we are designing a new blog to the which we are incorporating many novelties of which we will inform you in coming days and that will ready on 1st February. For now, do not worry, EasySpanish will continue fully operational throughout 2019.
To celebrate we want to make you an exclusive gift. We will make an evaluation of your Spanish, we will prepare a fully customized study plan for 2019 and you will have a 45-minute one-to-one Skype lesson. All completely FREE, you just write us an email, between January 6 (Festivity of Los Reyes Magos – The three wise men-) and 31st January 2019. That’s it!
In this post, we have mentioned the festivity Los Reyes Magos, if you want to know more about this tradition, do not miss our next post on January 5.
Do not forget to write us before January 31 2019, if you want to benefit from our offer or if you need more information.