Direct and Indirect object pronouns in Spanish

Object pronouns -direct and indirect object pronouns- substitute the noun. In English these are ‘me’, ‘him’, ‘her’ and so on. For example, in the sentence ‘Give Sam the pen,’ Sam is a noun, which can be changed to ‘Give her the pen.’ In Spanish the pronoun either comes before the verb as a separate word or after joined with the verb, when are used with affirmative imperative, an infinitive or a gerund. For example:

Le da el boli (he is giving her the pen).

Voy a darle el boli (I am going to give her the pen).

‘Dale el boli’ (give her the pen).

Estoy dándole el bolí (I am giving her the pen).

Object pronouns in Spanish

Direct and Indirect object pronouns in Spanish

¿Puedes hacerme una tostada? (Can you make me a toast?)

Os llamo manaña (I will call you tomorrow).

¿Te gusta este libro? (Do you like this book?)

Direct and indirect object pronouns in Spanish

As you can see object pronouns are a little more complicated in Spanish and that is because they change depending on whether you are referring to the direct or indirect object. Direct and indirect objects are nothing to be afraid of – you have them in English.

How direct and indirect objects work

The majority of sentences have two objects. The direct object is the noun or pronoun on the receiving end of the action for example, ‘Pass me the pen’ – it is the pen here that is receiving the action (by being passed around). The indirect object is the person or entity for whom you are doing the action.

In the above sentence the indirect object is ‘me’. Another way to say this would be ‘Pass the pen for me’. In English indirect objects are often indicated with the prepositions ‘for’ or ‘to.’ For example, ‘Explain the problem to us’ – the problem is the direct object while ‘us’ is the indirect object. With pronouns this is ‘Explain it to us.’ In the Spanish equivalent of this sentence the direct object is signified with ‘lo’ and the indirect with ‘nos.’ So it would be ‘explícamelo’ – The indirect object goes first followed by the direct (or in other words ‘lo’ and ‘la’ go at the end). Explain to him the problem would be ‘Explícale el problema.’

The LE, LO, LA rule

If I were to say in Spanish (Give them to them) I would end up with ‘Daleslas.’ These are far too many ‘l’ words for comfort. To avoid the Repetition of all those ‘l’ sounds ‘le’ and ‘les’ change to ‘se’ when paired with ‘lo,’ ‘la’, ‘los’ or ‘las.’ So the above sentence would be ‘Dáselas.’ More examples ‘Explícaselo’ (explain it to her). ‘Prestárselo’ (lend him/them it).

Remember you can contact you tutor with any question you have about direct and indirect object pronouns in Spanish. Don’t you have a personal Spanish tutor yet? Also you can try our workshop about personal pronouns. Now, it is time to practice what you have learned with our quizzes.

Verbs like GUSTAR (A2)

You will probably already have come across the phrase me gusta meaning I like Actually, gustar means literally to please, and works also like this verb, where the thing that you like is the subject of the sentence:

guardar

Nos gusta el flamenco (We like flamenco or literally “flamenco pleases us”).

Even though flamenco comes after gustar is the subject of the sentence and therefore the ending of the verb agree with flamenco instead of with we (learn more about gustar).

There are many other verbs like gustar in Spanish. In fact, practically most of the Spanish verbs can be used like gustar, but careful because they usually change their original meaning. Let’s see some of them. Continue reading Verbs like GUSTAR (A2)

La fiesta de los Reyes Magos (B1)

Tradicionalmente, la noche del 5 al 6 de enero los Reyes Magos visitan los hogares de los niños españoles, y de algunos otros países de habla española, para dejarles los juguetes. El mismo día 5 se celebra un gran desfile en todas las ciudades para celebrar su llegada.

La fiesta de los Reyes Magos marca el final de la Navidad y aunque ahora convive con Papa Noel, sigue siendo una gran celebración. Aquí tienes un vídeo para conocer mejor está tradición. Pon los subtítulos si lo necesitas, crea una lista con el vocabulario que no conozcas y. cuando termines, responde a las preguntas de abajo. No te olvides de consultar cualquier duda  que tengas a tu tutor ¿Todavía no tienes un tutor personal de español?

Feliz 2019

Do you have already decided your resolutions for the New Year? Let me recommend you to Learn Spanish in 2019!

The new year is a good time to start or resume your studies and speaking Spanish will open many doors in the future, both personally and professionally and if you think I exaggerate do not miss this article.

We are upgrading our Spanish resources and for this, we are designing a new blog to the which we are incorporating many novelties of which we will inform you in coming days and that will ready on 1st February. For now, do not worry, EasySpanish will continue fully operational throughout 2019.

To celebrate we want to make you an exclusive gift. We will make an evaluation of your Spanish, we will prepare a fully customized study plan for 2019 and you will have a 45-minute one-to-one Skype lesson.  All completely FREE, you just write us an email, between January 6 (Festivity of Los Reyes Magos – The three wise men-) and 31st January 2019. That’s it!

In this post, we have mentioned the festivity Los Reyes Magos, if you want to know more about this tradition, do not miss our next post on January 5.

Do not forget to write us before January 31 2019, if you want to benefit from our offer or if you need more information.

Hasta pronto

DAR conjugation and expressions, Spanish grammar (A2)

DAR conjugation and expressions, Spanish grammar (A2)
Le está dando calabazas.

Spanish verb DAR (to give) usually trouble students because it is irregular in the present and preterite tense and also can be found in many colloquial expressions that are difficult to understand in English.

Click on the link to learn full conjugation of dar in the different tenses. Below you can find some colloquial expressions with dar (translated into English) that you are going to find very useful. Finally, practice everything that you have learned with our quizzes.

Continue reading DAR conjugation and expressions, Spanish grammar (A2)

Spanish conditional quizzes (B1)

Spanish conditional quizzesLet’s see how much you know about the Spanish conditional tenseel condicional simple. Today we propose to you eight quizzes to check if you can form and understand how to use the conditional tense in Spanish. Click on this link if you want to review the grammar points or here to download the pdf sheet.

Don´t forget you can contact your personal tutor with any question you have about the conditional tense in Spanish. Don’t you have a Spanish personal tutor yet?

Continue reading Spanish conditional quizzes (B1)